Below are listed articles and books dealing with useful measurements of skeletal elements of Arctic species:
Von den Driesch, A. 1976. A Guide to the Measurement of Animal Bones from Archaeological Sites. Peabody Museum Bulletin 1. Harvard University.
Orchard, T. J. 2003. An Application of the Linear Regression Technique for Determining Length and Weight of Six Fish Taxa: The role of selected fish species in Aleut paleodiet. BAR International Series 1172.
Morrison, D. and P. Whitridge. 1997. Estimating the Age and Sex of Caribou from Mandibular Measurements. Journal of Archaeological Science 24:1093-1106.
Gerlach, C., George, J. C., and R. Suydam. 1993. Bowhead Whale (Balaena mysticetus) Length Estimations Based on Scapula Measurements. Arctic 46(1):55-59.
Hattori, K., Burdin, A. M., Suzuki, M., and N. Ohtaishi. 2003. Age-related Change and Allometry of Skull and Canine of Sea Otters, Enhydra lutris. Journal of Vetrinary Medical Science 65(4):439-447.
Etnier, M. A. 2002. The effects of human hunting on northern fur seal (Callorhinus ursinus) migration and breeding distributions in the late Holocene. PhD Thesis, University of Washington. [Ch. 2 – “Modeling bone growth in northern fur seals (Callorhinus ursinus)”]
Kemper, C. M. and P. Leppard. 1999. Estimating body length of pygmy right whales (Caperea marginata) from measurements of the skeleton and baleen. Marine Mammal Science 15(3):683-700. [not an Arctic species, but might be helpful…]