Below I’ve listed the most significant U.S. federal laws pertaining to cultural resources and archaeological practice. Below that are books related to the subject (ordered by date published).
Antiquities Act: 1906 [http://www.nps.gov/archeology/sites/antiquities/about.htm]
National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA): 1966 [http://www.preservationnation.org/resources/legal-resources/understanding-preservation-law/federal-law/nhpa.html]
National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA): 1969 [http://ceq.hss.doe.gov/]
American Indian Religious Freedom Act (AIRFA): 1978 [http://www.protectsacredsites.org/AIRFA.html]
Archaeological Resources Protection Act (ARPA): 1979 [http://www.nps.gov/archeology/tools/Laws/arpa.htm]
Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA): 1990 [http://www.nps.gov/nagpra/]
Chari, S., and J. M. N. Lavallee (eds). 2013. Accomplishing NAGPRA: Perspectives on the Intent, Impacts, and Future of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act. Oregon State University Press.
Meeks, S. et al. 2012. Section 106 Uncensored: The Insider’s Perspective. National Trust for Historic Preservation.
Case, D. S., and D. A. Voluck. 2012. Alaska Natives and American Laws, 3rd ed. University of Alaska Press.
King, T. F. 2012. Cultural Resource Laws and Practice, 4th ed. AltaMira Press.
Hutt, S. (ed). 2010. Yearbook of Cultural Property Law: 2010. Left Coast Press [Note: these “Yearbooks” go back to 2006]
Hardesty, D. L., and B. J. Little. 2009. Assessing Site Significance: A Guide for Archaeologists and Historians, 2nd ed. AltaMira Press.
Gerstenblith, P. 2008. Art, Cultural Heritage, and the Law: Cases and Materials, 2nd ed. Carolina Academic Press.
King, T. F. 2007. Saving Places that Matter: A Citizen’s Guide to the National Historic Preservation Act. Left Coast Press.
NPS. 2006. Federal Historic Preservation Laws: The Official Compilation of U. S. Cultural Heritage Statutes, 2nd ed. National Park Service.
Gibbon, K. F. (ed). 2005. Who Owns the Past?: Cultural Policy, Cultural Property, and the Law. Rutgers University Press.
Hutt, S., Blanco, C. M., Stern, W. E., and S. N. Harris. 2004. Cultural Property Law: A Practitioner’s Guide to the Management, Protection, and Preservation of Heritage Resources. American Bar Association.
King, T. F. 2000. Federal Planning and Historic Places: The Section 106 Process. AltaMira Press.
Malaro, M. C. 1998. A Legal Primer on Managing Museum Collections, 2nd ed. Smithsonian Books.